1.1.1 Balochistan is a piece of earth which is full
of every kind of recourses. Especially it is very
famous for its Mineral Resource, Archeological
sites, Historical background, Cultural and Political
Institutes, Ethnic groups, Geographical location,
Strategic importance languages and literatures.
Doubtless, above mentioned field of study are still
unexplored and need more space research and
1.2 Pre History
the field of Archaeology the Mehrgarh, mounds of
Naal (Khuzdar District), Mekran, Awaran, Kharan,
Quetta, Zhob, Loralai and Kachhi plains are very
interesting and famous. These archaeological sites
are very attractive for the archaeologists all over
the world. Balochi stan is a laboratory and research
institute for archaeologists and researchers.
1.3 Historical period before Islam
area of Balochistan is also very famous for its
invasion’s period history before the dawn of Islam.
Many ethnic groups used the area of Balochistan as a
cross road from west to east and east to west.
Aryans, Scathians, Apthilities and Kushan crossed
this region when they moved to Sindh, Punjab and
Northern India. Historically this region has
remained under the control of various dynasties,
like Medians, Aschamanids, Greeks, Motians,
Sasanids and Barhamans of Sindh before the advent of
Islam in the area. These all historical guides us a
big number of information about the past, but these
all periods needed more research work.
1.4 Religious History
religious history of the area of Balochistan is also
very interesting and full of information. Before the
advent of Islam in the area, religious such as,
paganism Zoroastrianism, Hinduism and Buddhism were
in practice in the different parts of the region.
The religious history of Balochistan also gives big
information about the past religious, and as well as
the various periods ruins are can see in the
different parts of region. This kind of history well
guides the historians to make the history on true
and real basis.
1.5 After the advent of Islam in
1.5.1 The every part of
Balochistan was very important for invaders. Many
political and military powers ruled upon this
region, because of its trade and military gates
towards sub-continent, which called, Bolan Pass
and Moola Pass. So, control of this important huge
area was very important of every imperial power. In
Muslim period up to the emergence of Pakistan, the
area saw many ups and downs. This long political
period is very important for historians and
researchers to make the regional history on true
1.6 Ethnic History of Balochistan.
1.6.1 Many ethnic groups
are living in the different parts of Balochistan
from ancient time. They have their history, culture
and social institutes. The northern areas of
Balochistan are the dare of Pashtoon tribes from a
long time and the biggest ethnic group.
Baloch/Brahuis are living in the east, west an d
south of the region. These ethnic groups are played
a major role in the society and politics of the area
of Balochistan. These ethnic groups and their all
other institutes of life are the major focus of the
Balochistan Study Centre.
1.7 Cultural Institutes.
1.7.1 The regional
culture of the area of Balochistan one of the oldest
cultures of the world human society. The Baloch and
Pashtoon tribes of the region have a big riech and
civilized culture. The both nations Baloch and
Pashtoon have their own cultural thoughts and
institutes and for experts and researchers these
regional cultures are not less then a laboratory and
institute. The unique cultures of both ethnic
groups are interesting and wide for anthropologists.
1.8 Language and Literature.
1.8.1 Balochistan is a
multilingual region. Main languages of the region
are Balochi, Brahui and Pashto while Sindhi and
Persian are also spoken in some parts of the
province. Some of these are the ancient languages of
the region rich with literary resources. These have
thousands of written resources, which are very
useful for any field of social sciences, state
sciences, languages and literature.
2.1 Balochistan has a
rich cultural and historical heritage. Most of these
are still unexplored. Mehrgarh civilization, nine
thousand years old, and a number of other
archeological sites, which are spread from Gwadar to
Zhob, are very attractive for the archeologists all
over the world. The religious history of the region
is also very interesting, before the dawn of Islam
religion such as paganism, Zoroastrianism, Hinduism
and Buddhism were in practice in the different parts
of the region. Historically this region has remained
under the administrative control of various
dynasties. The unique cultures of the Baloch and the
Pashtoons are of interest for the anthropologists.
2.2 To meet the
academic and research challenges of the new era
there was a dire need regarding establishment of
such a teaching and research centre in the
University of Balochistan, Quetta.
ESTABLISHMENT OF BALOCHISTAN STUDY CENTRE:
Study Centre was established in the University of
Balochistan in November, 1997 was formally
inaugurated in October, 1998. It is aimed at the
study of historic, geographical and culture facets
of the province. It is tasks to guide and sponsor
research pertaining to Literature, Culture, History,
Languages, Origin of Ethnic Groups, Social System
and Archaeology of Balochistan.
Centre aspires to achieve the following
provide professional support for research in
the province by registering M.Phil, Ph. D
scholars to carry out research with emphasis
promote study and research on the history,
archeology, anthropology, culture, economy
languages, literature, politics and social
structure o Balochistan.
produce factual record and give world
worldwide publicity to the unique cultural,
archaeological ad historic sites of the
publish research journal, books, monographs
and brochures etc related to historical,
cultural and linguistic research related to
out short term research projects field
studies regarding historical, archaeological
and cultural aspects of the province.
organize International, National and local
seminars, conferences, symposiums, seminar
lectures on different subjects related to
establish linkages with the national and
international universities and institutions
which are already engaged in the study on
Balochistan’s history, archaeology, culture,
languages, literature etc.
Job Opportunities / Marketability of Graduates
4.1. Education /
Research Institute in Private and Public Sector.