Department of Disaster Management and Development Studies
Baluchistan is relatively the least developed province of Pakistan. Several studies/reports have found Baluchistan to have the lowest levels of human development in the country. The province lags behind the rest of the country in economic growth, labor productivity, health, education and other socioeconomic indicators. Its poverty level is higher than the national average and there is significant difference between rural and urban poverty incidence in the province. The province also suffers from the widest gender gaps in education and health in the country. Poor social indicators depict the state of human resource development in the province.
In addition to the poor social and economic indicators, Baluchistan is also exposed to a number of natural hazards. Due to fast rate of population growth, urbanization, poverty, climate change and geographical locution, most of the regions of Pakistan including Baluchistan have become highly susceptible to natural disasters such as flood, cyclone, drought, earthquake, landslide, extreme temperature, heavy rain, epidemics, etc. In the recent past, these hazards have resulted in some major disasters, such as Ziarat earthquake of 2008, Awaran earthquake of 2013 and the flood of 2010. Drought from 1998‐2004 worsened the situation and the rural economy has still not fully recovered from the effects.
It has been felt that there is limited capacity at notional and particularly at provincial level in terms of knowledge base, skills training, Long-term planning, emergency preparedness and policy development to respond to such severe disaster events.
The lack of expertise in the fields of disaster management and development planning, have further exacerbated the people’s vulnerability to different disasters and worsen the development situation of the province. The weakest social and economic development indicators are attributed to the lack of human resource, professional expertise and research institutions in proportion to the development potential and needs of the province. These facts provide a strong rationale to initiate an academic program for building and strengthening experts in the field of development studies and disaster management to contribute in the development process of the province and to develop innovative ways of building the resilience of communities to disasters.
The department of Disaster Management and Development Studies is a newly established department at Baluchistan university and is distinguished by its mission to develop highly qualified and committed professionals who can play a leading role in the sustainable development of not only Baluchistan province but also at the national, regional, and global level. The department is especially unique in that it will serve the human resource development needs taking into accounts the specific development priorities, vulnerabilities to natural disasters, gender issues and social values of the province and country. Interdisciplinary and problem oriented education/training at DMDS equips the students with both academic and professional skills needed for a career in the development sector.
Goals of the Disaster Management and Development Studies